Other faults include the San Jacinto Fault, the Puente Hills Fault, and the Elsinore Fault Zone. Over 17.5 million people live here, and it is the second largest combined statistical area in the country, falling only behind the New York metro area. There are two different definitions for the counties that make up Southern California. Thirty-four cities have populations topping 100,000. At the time of this break off, the Pacific Plate had a general north west movement while the North American Plate had a general south east movement. Within southern California are two major cities, Los Angeles and San Diego, as well as three of the country's largest metropolitan areas. California accounts for most of the country’s homeless population, and it’s growing. With so many employment and educational opportunities, as well as sights and entertainment, SoCal will continue to see its population grow well into the future. It is dominated by and heavily dependent upon the abundance of petroleum, as opposed to other regions where automobiles are not nearly as dominant, due to the vast majority of transport that runs on this fuel. Summers are hot or warm, and dry, while winters are mild, and rainfall is low to moderate depending on the area. This is a partial list of earthquakes in Southern California. Southern California is a megapolitan region occupying the southern portion of the US state of California. This definition is based upon political divisions. Approximately 60% of the state’s total population lives in Southern California. Palm Spring is located in southern California and sits at 148 metres above sea level. "'A new federal city': San Diego during World War II,", This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 14:51. Southern California is a region in the United States. Traveling south on Interstate 5, the main gap to continued urbanization is Camp Pendleton. Most of these districts are located in Northern San Diego and some within North County regions. Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 37,254,519. Vinyard-Winery American Viticultural Area (AVA) districts, Oxnard–Thousand Oaks–Ventura metropolitan area, American Automobile Association (AAA) Auto Clubs, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Category: Mountain ranges of Southern California, 1987 Superstition Hills and Elmore Ranch earthquakes, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana metropolitan area, Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario metropolitan area, Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura metropolitan area, San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos metropolitan area, Category: Transportation in Southern California, World's busiest airports by passenger traffic, Busiest airports in the United States by international passenger traffic, Category: Public transportation in Southern California, Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority, San Luis Obispo Regional Transit Authority, List of colleges and universities in southern California, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area, El Presidio de Santa Barbara State Historic Park, Sports in California § Northern California–Southern California rivalry, Southern California Association of Governments, "Population, Population Change, and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019 (NST-EST2019-alldata)", "Figures Show California's Motoring Supremacy", "Construction Stirs Debate on Effects on 'Perfect Wave, "Radical plan to split California into three states earns spot on November ballot", "UCERF3: A New Earthquake Forecast for California's Complex Fault System", "California Grew By 356,000 Residents in 2013", "1990 Census of Population and Housing, Unit Counts, United States, 1990 CPH-2-1", "California QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau", "American Indian Civics Project: Indians of Northern California: A Case Study of Federal, State, and Vigilante Intervention, 1850–1860", "Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009", "California Coast, Los Angeles to San Diego Bay", California Historical Society Collection, 1860–1960, Historical Society of Southern California, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Southern_California&oldid=995152567, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles needing additional references from July 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2017, Articles needing additional references from March 2010, Articles needing additional references from March 2016, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Garcia, Mario T. "A Chicano Perspective on San Diego History,", Shragge, Abraham. Amongst these include five University of California campuses (Irvine, Los Angeles, Riverside, Santa Barbara, and San Diego), 12 California State University campuses (Bakersfield, Channel Islands, Dominguez Hills, Fullerton, Los Angeles, Long Beach, Northridge, Pomona, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Marcos, and San Luis Obispo); and private institutions such as the California Institute of Technology, Azusa Pacific University, Chapman University, the Claremont Colleges (Claremont McKenna College, Harvey Mudd College, Pitzer College, Pomona College, Scripps College, Claremont Graduate University and Keck Graduate Institute), Loma Linda University, Loyola Marymount University, Occidental College, Pepperdine University, University of Redlands, University of San Diego, and the University of Southern California. Skateboarder Tony Hawk; surfers Rob Machado, Timmy Curran, Bobby Martinez, Pat O'Connell, Dane Reynolds, and Chris Ward live in southern California. It has since been uplifted due to pressures between the many different fault zones at an average rate of 2 millimeters per year. The counties include Los Angeles, Imperial, Riverside, Orange, San Bernardino, Santa Barbara, San Diego and Ventura. In one of the richest agricultural regions in the U.S., cattle and citrus were major industries until farmlands were turned into suburbs. Southern California (popularly known as SoCal; Spanish: Sur de California) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises the southern portion of the U.S. state of California. [citation needed]. [24] The magnitude 6.7 1994 Northridge earthquake was particularly destructive, causing a substantial number of deaths, injuries, and structural collapses as well as the most property damage of any earthquake in U.S. history at an estimated $20 billion.[25]. [citation needed], The land on which the Los Angeles metropolitan area sits is among the newest rocks in the continental United States. The ballot measure proposed splitting the existing state into three parts.[13]. California - California - People: The California Indians, the original inhabitants of the state, now constitute a small but rapidly growing percentage of the population. The extension of surface led to cracks which formed many independent faults. Southern California is a main driver of state’s record COVID-19 deaths, with no signs of a letup ... covering 92% of California’s population and 41 of the state’s 58 counties. Also, population growth was high in the Bakersfield-Kern County, Santa Maria and San Luis Obispo areas. Chart and table of population level and growth rate for the state of California from 1900 to 2019. As previously mentioned, the most recent estimates put the population of SoCal at over 23 million. Much of southern California is famous for its large, spread-out, suburban communities and use of automobiles and highways. Seven metropolitan areas are located in Southern California. When this fault was just created, a volcano from the ancient subduction zone was situated about 3/4th on the Pacific Plate and 1/4th on the North American plate somewhere in what is today Central California. Southern California’s economy is one of the most diverse in the nation. the region has an extensive population, which was last estimated to be around 23,800,500 in 2016. there are two different definitions for the counties that make up southern california. It includes the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second most populous urban agglomeration in the United States. The region is also important to the world of yachting with premier events including the annual Transpacific Yacht Race, or Transpac, from Los Angeles to Hawaii. The inland desert city of Palm Springs is also popular. Most of the coastline of the state, below Eureka, California is part of the Pacific plate. This definition coincides neatly with the county lines at 35° 47′ 28″ North latitude, which form the northern borders of San Luis Obispo, Kern, and San Bernardino counties. Though there is no official definition for the northern boundary of southern California, such a division has existed from the time when Mexico ruled California and political disputes raged between the Californios of Monterey in the upper part and Los Angeles in the lower part of Alta California. That closely matches the lower one-third of California's span of latitude. The dominant areas are Los Angeles, Orange County, San Diego, and Riverside-San Bernardino, each of which are the centers of their respective metropolitan areas, composed of numerous smaller cities and communities. This created a new fault zone when a weak point gave way between these two plates. It is the third most populated megalopolis in the United States, after the Great Lakes Megalopolis and the Northeast Megalopolis. The northern part of this offset is now called Pinnacles National Park near Soledad, California. Los Angeles itself has many business districts, such as Downtown Los Angeles and those lining the Wilshire Boulevard Miracle Mile, including Century City, Westwood, and Warner Center in the San Fernando Valley. Central business districts (CBD) include Downtown Los Angeles, Downtown San Diego, Downtown San Bernardino and South Coast Metro. When the subduction zone ceased about 55 million years ago, the Farallon Plate was split into two distinctive plates which can still be observed today as the Juan de Fuca Plate and the Cocos Plate. Geothermal energy plants are abundant in the area, which power much of the local rural communities. The region spans from Pacific Ocean islands, shorelines, beaches, and coastal plains, through the Transverse and Peninsular Ranges with their peaks, and into the large and small interior valleys, to the vast deserts of California. [3][4] The region generally contains ten of California's 58 counties: Imperial, Kern, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo and Ventura counties. Mud volcanoes can be observed just at the southern edge of the sea as well as hot springs. All steelhead trout hatch in gravel-bottomed, fast-flowing, well-oxygenated rivers and streams. Despite seeing what appears to be significant growth, the rate of growth for Southern California is below the state’s average. The closest towns and cities to Los Angeles which contain the San Andreas Fault are Gorman and Palmdale, California. When the San Andreas Fault originally formed, tension on the North American Plate grew. The proposal was sent to Washington, D.C. with a strong advocate in Senator Milton Latham. Another definition of Southern California includes two additional counties: San Luis Obispo and Kern. The Tech Coast is a moniker that has gained use as a descriptor for the region's diversified technology and industrial base as well as its multitude of prestigious and world-renowned research universities and other public and private institutions. The plate buckled and began uplifting similar to swelling in nearly all portions of the west. There are two different definitions … The region has an extensive population, which was last estimated to be around 23,800,500 in 2016. There are many educational opportunities for residents in Southern California, including multiple campuses throughout the region of the University of California and California State University. When subduction activities ceased about 55 million years ago, these volcanoes were subject to erosion due to their steep slopes. It has been proposed to split the region into its own state. California, officially the State of California, is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States of America.With over 39.5 million residents across a total area of about 163,696 square miles (423,970 km 2), California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area, and is also the world's thirty-fourth most populous subnational entity. In 2017, the U.S. Navy and the U.S. to be about 20 million years old. The other half of Pinnacles is in Three Points, California in Los Angeles County. Six of the seven lines of the commuter rail system, Metrolink, run out of Downtown Los Angeles, connecting Los Angeles, Ventura, San Bernardino, Riverside, Orange, and San Diego counties with the other line connecting San Bernardino, Riverside, and Orange counties directly. Steelhead trout are a unique species. With almost 40 million people (according to 2019 estimates), California is the nation’s most populous state—its population is much larger than that of second-place Texas (29 million) and third-place Florida (21 million). Southern California's southern border with Baja California is part of the Mexico–United States border. The University of Southern California is a leading private research university located in Los Angeles — a global center for arts, technology and international business. There is no way to accurately predict an earthquake anywhere on any specific fault. [citation needed] Because of its location, it will likely not affect many people. The Bruins and the Trojans both field football teams in NCAA Division I in the Pac-12 Conference, and there is a longtime rivalry between the schools. Following the acquisition of California by the United States, the division continued as part of the attempt by several pro-slavery politicians to arrange the division of Alta California at 36 degrees, 30 minutes, the line of the Missouri Compromise. Southern California is home to many major business districts. SOURCE: California Department of Finance projections, 2013 series. This is quire an increase from the last recorded official population of 22,680,010 residents at the time of the 2010 US Census. Southern California is a region in the United States. In addition, Southern California contains the San Diego metropolitan area with 3.3 million people, Bakersfield metro area with 0.9 million, and the Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo, and El Centro (Imperial County) metropolitan areas. Residents remain entertained with theme parks in the area including Disneyland and Universal Studios Hollywood. [citation needed] Some geologists say this probably is over speculated. Downtown San Diego is the CBD of San Diego, though the city is filled with business districts. The Los Angeles area is known to be geologically active. Hollywood, a district of Los Angeles, gives its name to the American motion picture industry, which is synonymous with the neighborhood name. This would create steep volcanoes with extremely high elevations. 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